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Female Contraceptives (18)

Brand
Female condoms, also called internal (use) condoms, are synthetic latex products that are used to prevent pregnancy or sexually transmitted infections that are placed in the vagina or anus. They mainly have two functions: contraception and prevention of sexually transmitted infections. When used correctly, the effective rate of female condoms is 95%.
The female condom does not contain hormones, does not cause serious side effects, and does not need to be used regularly. It is suitable for most women. However, its price is usually high, and its current popularity is still relatively low, and most women do not know it well. Explaining in comprehensive sex education allows women to learn more about the prevention of sexually transmitted infections and female condoms, and raise awareness of health care, which can increase the acceptance of female condoms to a certain extent [2].
Female condoms also have special protective significance for certain groups. Female sex workers can use female condoms to protect themselves [3]. The female partner of an AIDS single-positive partner (referring to a partner who has a positive HIV test result, that is, an HIV-infected person) can also use a female condom during intercourse. Female condoms, like male condoms, can play a better role in preventing HIV infection and other sexually transmitted infections [4].
Female condoms are an effective contraceptive measure. The significance of contraception is not only to achieve family planning, the rational application of contraceptive technology can also prevent the sexual transmission of diseases, contraception is also one of the important contents of comprehensive sex education. The Law of the People's Republic of China on the Protection of Minors (2020 Amendment) clearly states that schools and kindergartens should provide age-appropriate sex education for minors [5]. Understanding the purpose and methods of contraception can help children and adolescents stay away from sexual assault and unwanted pregnancy.
definition
The female condom is made of soft, lightweight synthetic latex or latex, which can be worn inside the vagina to prevent semen from entering the uterus. Although they have been called "female condoms" for a long time, people of any gender can use them for vaginal or anal sex [1].
Principle of action
The female condom is a small bag that can be placed in the vagina or anus. It has two functions: contraception and prevention of sexually transmitted infections. When it is placed inside the vagina, it is a barrier that prevents sperm from reaching the egg cell. If the sperm cannot meet the egg cell, the woman will not get pregnant. In addition, the safety of women placed in the vagina can effectively prevent sexually transmitted infections. When placed inside the anus, it can also prevent sexually transmitted infections [1].
Effectiveness
If used properly, the contraceptive effective rate of female condoms is 95%. However, because users are prone to problems such as improper placement and too late placement, the effective rate of this contraceptive measure is actually about 79%.
The way to make the female condom more effective is to use it correctly every time you have vaginal or anal sex. This requires that the female condom is worn throughout the whole process of sexual intercourse, and before any reproductive organ contact, make sure that the female condom is placed in the vagina or anus in the correct way. Users can use female condoms with another contraceptive method (such as contraceptives or intrauterine devices). Users can not only prevent sexually transmitted infections to a certain extent, but also have the double guarantee of preventing unwanted pregnancy[ 1]  .
The Planned Parenthood Federation of America (PPFA) proposed that male condoms and female condoms cannot be used together, and double use will not bring additional protection to users [1], but there are also studies. Show different conclusions. The South African Medical Research Council and Alison Beriliy Wiyeh of the Department of Epidemiology of the University of Washington School of Public Health and others conducted a study on the effectiveness of female condoms in preventing sexually transmitted infections and HIV infections. The results showed that female condoms and male contraceptives Using condoms together can prevent certain sexually transmitted infections more effectively than using male condoms alone. In actual use, it is recommended to refer to the instruction manual of the contraceptive device or consult a doctor for advice [6].

Instructions


(1) Open the package and take out the female condom. Be careful not to pull the bag forcibly, and do not open the bag with your teeth.

The female condom does not contain hormones, does not cause serious side effects, and does not need to be used regularly. It is suitable for most women. However, its price is usually high, and its current popularity is still relatively low, and most women do not know it well. Explaining in comprehensive sex education allows women to learn more about the prevention of sexually transmitted infections and female condoms, and raise awareness of health care, which can increase the acceptance of female condoms to a certain extent [2].
Female condoms also have special protective significance for certain groups. Female sex workers can use female condoms to protect themselves [3]. The female partner of an AIDS single-positive partner (referring to a partner who has a positive HIV test result, that is, an HIV-infected person) can also use a female condom during intercourse. Female condoms, like male condoms, can play a better role in preventing HIV infection and other sexually transmitted infections [4].
Female condoms are an effective contraceptive measure. The significance of contraception is not only to achieve family planning, the rational application of contraceptive technology can also prevent the sexual transmission of diseases, contraception is also one of the important contents of comprehensive sex education. The Law of the People's Republic of China on the Protection of Minors (2020 Amendment) clearly states that schools and kindergartens should provide age-appropriate sex education for minors [5]. Understanding the purpose and methods of contraception can help children and adolescents stay away from sexual assault and unwanted pregnancy.
definition
The female condom is made of soft, lightweight synthetic latex or latex, which can be worn inside the vagina to prevent semen from entering the uterus. Although they have been called "female condoms" for a long time, people of any gender can use them for vaginal or anal sex [1].
Principle of action
The female condom is a small bag that can be placed in the vagina or anus. It has two functions: contraception and prevention of sexually transmitted infections. When it is placed inside the vagina, it is a barrier that prevents sperm from reaching the egg cell. If the sperm cannot meet the egg cell, the woman will not get pregnant. In addition, the safety of women placed in the vagina can effectively prevent sexually transmitted infections. When placed inside the anus, it can also prevent sexually transmitted infections [1].
Effectiveness
If used properly, the contraceptive effective rate of female condoms is 95%. However, because users are prone to problems such as improper placement and too late placement, the effective rate of this contraceptive measure is actually about 79%.
The way to make the female condom more effective is to use it correctly every time you have vaginal or anal sex. This requires that the female condom is worn throughout the whole process of sexual intercourse, and before any reproductive organ contact, make sure that the female condom is placed in the vagina or anus in the correct way. Users can use female condoms with another contraceptive method (such as contraceptives or intrauterine devices). Users can not only prevent sexually transmitted infections to a certain extent, but also have the double guarantee of preventing unwanted pregnancy[ 1]  .
The Planned Parenthood Federation of America (PPFA) proposed that male condoms and female condoms cannot be used together, and double use will not bring additional protection to users [1], but there are also studies. Show different conclusions. The South African Medical Research Council and Alison Beriliy Wiyeh of the Department of Epidemiology of the University of Washington School of Public Health and others conducted a study on the effectiveness of female condoms in preventing sexually transmitted infections and HIV infections. The results showed that female condoms and male contraceptives Using condoms together can prevent certain sexually transmitted infections more effectively than using male condoms alone. In actual use, it is recommended to refer to the instruction manual of the contraceptive device or consult a doctor for advice [6].
Instructions
(1) Open the package and take out the female condom. Be careful not to pull the bag forcibly, and do not open the bag with your teeth.
(2) After opening the package, squeeze the small ring at the closed end and put it into the vagina along the back wall of the vagina.
(3) Find a comfortable posture. Hold the closed end of the outside of the condom and use your index finger to push the condom into the vagina. This process is similar to inserting a tampon.
(4) Push the inner ring to the innermost with your fingers until it rests on the cervix. Condoms will expand naturally, and users may sometimes not feel the presence of condoms.
(5) Make sure that the condom is not twisted and deformed, and leave the outer environmental protection outside the body to cover the vaginal opening.
(6) Guide the partner's penis to enter and open the female condom. During vaginal intercourse, if the user feels the penis sliding between the condom and the vaginal wall or the outer ring is pushed into the vagina, please stop intercourse.
(7) To take out the female condom, gently twist the outer ring, and then pull it out of the vagina. The user can twist the ring to prevent semen from leaking out, wrap it in toilet paper, and throw the condom into the trash can. Be careful not to reuse female condoms.
For people
Most people can safely use female condoms. Users can also use the female condom as a contraceptive measure immediately after delivery or abortion. But female condoms may not be suitable for women who feel uncomfortable touching their reproductive organs [1].
Features of female condoms:

advantage:

    Female condoms help protect both parties from sexually transmitted infections, including HIV infection;
    No need to use regularly, will not be forgotten;
    Female condoms do not contain hormones and are suitable for women who do not want to use hormonal products for contraception;
    Women can independently control contraception;
    There are no serious side effects [1].

Disadvantages:

    Some people feel that putting a condom during foreplay will interrupt their sex life. To solve this problem, put the female condom into the body in advance, or try to make it part of the foreplay;
    Female condoms are more sturdy, but they may crack if used improperly;
    The popularity is not as high as that of male condoms, and the price may be higher。

Female Contraceptives


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